The White City
Arequipa, the beautiful, walkable, colonial city in southern Peru known as the 'White City" is often overlooked by visitors because of its somewhat remote location away from the more popular tourist hot spots like the Sacred Valley, Machu Picchu, and Lake Titicaca. Though most of the city is constructed from white volcanic stone known as sillar, it's quite a colorful place. Located 1,000 km and 15 hours by bus or car south of Lima and 5 hours west of Puno and Lake Titicaca, it's not exactly easy to get to unless you fly - but it's so worth adding to your Peru itinerary.
With its centuries-old cathedrals, archeological museums, great restaurants, and lively culture, Arequipa has so much to offer visitors.
How to Get to Arequipa
The easiest way to get to Arequipa is to fly in from Lima. But if you don't mind the 5-hour ride (time to sleep or relax), a more scenic route at a fraction of the cost of flying is the first class bus from Puno, through the Colca Canyon, to Arequipa. Avid hikers planning on trekking Colca Canyon (four times the size of the Grand Canyon in the western US) are already half way to Arequipa. We took the bus with Cruz del Sur, an efficient, first class bus service with routes throughout Peru, and highly recommend them.
The Monasterio de Santa Catalina
The famous 16th century Monasterio de Santa Catalina, also known as the Santa Catalina Convent (1579), encompasses an entire city block and is truly a photographer's paradise. The Convent was established as a private monastery of Nuns of the Order of Saint Catherine of Siena.
At that time, the second born son or daughter of a family would enter a life of service in the Church, and the Monastery accepted only women from upper class families.
Families paid the Monastery a dowry - as much as 2,400 silver coins for daughters to enter as black-and-white nuns (about $150,000 in today's value)!
The women were required to bring certain items with them including a statue, a painting, a lamp and clothes. The wealthiest nuns also brought fine English china, rugs, paintings, and other opulent items.
Early in its history, nuns at the Monastery had a very high standard of living and lived well. Each nun typically had 4-5 servants to tend to their needs. But in 1871, the Pope demanded their excessive living stop, and life went back to a quieter existence.
The lavish lifestyle, paintings, and wealthy dowries went back to Europe, and the servants and slaves were freed. Many were allowed to stay at the Monastery as nuns.
The Monastery was opened to the public in 1970 after 400 years in operation. Most everything looks intact, as if little time has passed - the individual "cells" or Nuns quarters, cucinas (kitchens), chapels, laundry, baños (bathrooms), everything.
Visitors can still admire the priceless paintings and works of art in the chapels and art galleries.
Today, there are still nuns who live and work in the Convent, in an area off-limits to the public, however the majority of the Convent and grounds are open to tourists. Entrance fees and Gift Shop revenue helps support the activities and maintenance of the Convent.
The Monastery is a feast for the eyes, with its bright orange and cobalt blue colors, sculpted archways and windows, and courtyards in bloom around every turn. Plan on spending several hours touring and lingering - more if you take lots of photographs. There is a small restaurant on premises for tasty, light lunches, and a Gift Shop as well.
If You Go:
Santa Catalina Monastery - Santa Catalina 301, Arequipa, Peru
Hours: Open Monday through Saturday until 8:00 PM
- Wear comfy and flexible shoes, as the 'streets' within the Monastery are uneven.
- Bring extra camera batteries and memory cards - I filled an entire 2G card here alone!
Are you planning a trip to Arequipa or Peru? There are so many sites to see. Which ones are on your list?